Policy Briefs

The following briefs are available:

The energy savings obligation (ESO) in the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED) requires EU Member States to achieve energy savings through national policy measures. The ESO is Article 7 of the current EED and Article 8 of the proposed recast Directive, published in July 2021.

The ESO is the most significant energy efficiency measure in the European policy package, contributing around 50% of the overall EED energy efficiency target.
The EU Commission’s proposed recast of the EED introduces a requirement for a share of the energy savings to be achieved among energy poor households.

This policy brief, written by H2020 projects Social Watt and ENSMOV, provides an overview of the new requirement and explains how the shares are calculated for each Member State. It then focuses on the policy measure that contributes the most to the aggregate achievement of the ESO target, the Energy Efficiency Obligation Schemes (EEOSs), which contribute 35% of savings (EU Commission, 2020). The briefing shares lessons from countries where EEOSs are used to alleviate energy poverty. The target audience is national public authorities, energy and social policy experts and advocates.

SocialWatt and ENSMOV have come together to write a joint briefing to share the learning from both projects and make recommendations to improve the consideration of energy poverty through Article 7 of the Energy Efficiency Directive.

Article 7 of the EED specifically requires European member states to take into account the need to alleviate energy poverty in their design of Article 7 measures, but this requirement is not universally adopted. The briefing recommends that the provision on energy poverty in Article 7 should be fully implemented and, further, that the distributional equity – or who pays for and who benefits – from the measures delivered under Article 7 should be assessed, and measures put in place to address distributional inequities. More broadly, the climate and social goals within EED Article 7 and the wider European package must be better aligned.

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